Jim Spohrer PH.D is the CTO at IBM Venture Capital Relations Group.

Previously he directed the work of the Computer Science Foundations Group at IBM's Almaden Research Center (ARC).

Prior to IBM, Jim was a manager and later a distinguished scientist of learning technology projects at Apple's Advanced Technology Group.

Earlier in his career, Jim developed speech recognition algorithms at Verbex. Jim has published broadly in the areas of the future of technology, empirical studies of programmers, artificial intelligence, authoring tools, on-line learning communities, intelligent tutoring systems and student modeling, speech recognition and Markov modeling, and new paradigms in using computers.

Jim works with Doug on various projects.